The DNA Evidence


Autosomal DNA

STR Locus Allels Called
D3S1358 14   18
TH01   7  
D21S11 28   30
D18S51 17   22
Penta E 15   16
D5S818   12  
D13S317 8   11
D7S820   11  
D16S539   12  
CSF1PO 10   12
Penta D 11   12
Amelogenin Male(XY)
vWA   18  
D8S1179 12   14
TPOX 9   11
FGA 20   25
1 Chitpavan brahmin (India) (58) 1.07E+15
2 Desasth brahmin (India) (58) 1.37E+15
3 Bhumihar Brahmin (India) (72) 1.47E+15
4 Kayasth (India) (72) 1.51E+15
5 Gope (India) (61) 1.75E+15
6 Azores (82) 2.0E+15
7 Rajput (India) (72) 2.13E+15
8 Paraguayan (95) 3.26E+15
9 Brahmin (India) (72) 3.41E+15
10 Karan (India) (61) 4.62E+15
11 Bosnian (156) 5.39E+15
12 Madeira Archipelago (53) 5.74E+15
13 Khandayat (India) (61) 7.15E+15
14 Norwegian (224) 8.05E+15
15 Oriya Brahmin (India) (61) 2.12E+16
16 Dhangar (India) (58) 3.53E+16
17 Kurdish (Iraq) (225) 4.65E+16

These autosomal results should be showing ancestral heritage. If this test is done for any Terrestrial Human; the data will show “ancestral heritage” with very good accuracy.


This data, realized via OmniPop200.1, seems to indicate that I am of Indian (India) descent (highest probability), further, it might seem that both Mother and Father should be Indian. Terrestrial “family” has me being of Scott/English descent; with lineages traced back to 1300’s Scotland and England, there are no indications of India.


In a search of the European Forensic database, the markers do not match any European population (probability of match approx. 5.00E-13 [0.0000000000005] 1:2,000,000,000,000 or 1 in 2 Trillion).
[One should note that the European database uses fewer “markers” than does the US, thus a greater probability of a match.]


The probabilities suggested in the US autosomal data are similarly remote; the best match being
1.07E15. Or 1:1.07E15, 1 in 1.07 quadrillion [9.3457e-16].


In as much as these probabilities are for a “group” match, as opposed to an “individual” one; these probabilities become much more significant. One should not expect to find an “individual” match, but, should expect a “group” or “population” match; IF One is Terrestrial. Similarly, One should not expect any “match” IF One is not Terrestrial.



Y - STR Markers
DYS456 16
DYS389i 13
DYS390 24
DYS389ii 11
DYS458 17
DYS19 14 +
DYS385 11, 14
DYS393 13 +
DYS391 11 +
DYS439 12
DYS635 23
DYS392 13 +
DYS437 15
DYS438 12
DYS448 19

Here are the allele counts for 16 Y-DNA markers. Five (5) of the six (6) markers used in the Atlantic Modal Haplotype are included in this analysis; of these markers, all five (5) are typical. The missing marker DYS-388, while unknown, may have a poor chance of a “match”.  The marker DYS-389ii, with a value of 31 is at the high end of the range for that marker. While this is not all that uncommon, One must consider these “values” in context. This value (31) may tend to remove the sample from the Atlantic Modal Haplotype.


Looking at the relative allele frequencies for DSY-389ii; the most common populations with a value of 31 are African, Eskimo / Aleut, and Native American. Yet, the autosomal analysis does not indicate the presence of any of these. Of the other “relative” choices we have; Eurasian, and Afro-Asiatic. These seem likely as they both tend to lead into and out of Southern Asia (India).

The actual Haplogroup cannot be determined from this data, though it can be inferred by a simple process of elimination using the autosomal data. Doing this gives a seemingly high probability of Haplogroup “H”.

Haplogroup H is a branch of Haplogroup F, and is believed to have arisen in India between 30,000 and 40,000 years ago. Its probable site of introduction is India since it is concentrated there. It seems to represent the main Y-haplogroup of the indigenous paleolithic inhabitants of India, because it is the most frequent Y-haplogroup of tribal populations (25-35%).

Haplogroup H is fairly common among populations of India, Sri Lanka, Nepal, and Pakistan. But the highest frequencies of H-M69 are in India, especially among Dravidians (33%). In Koya speakers (Dravidian tribes) has been found in 71%. Wikipedia


It is important to remember; that while the data is not as explicit as we might wish, both analyses appear to agree on “Father’s” ancestral region.


The “anomalous” loci DYS389ii should have a lower value in this context as it tends to remove me from the Atlantic Modal Haplotype.

Also; there is no match in the YHRD database. The closest “neighbor” has a one (1) allele count difference at DYS-390). DYS-390 is a relatively quick mutating marker; at 0.003 (mutations per generation) this marker takes something on the order of 8000 years for a single mutation.  Given the size of the Terrestrial Human population (around 7 billion), and the ubiquity of technology, especially in the “West”; One might think that, sometime in the past 8000 years that another would have the same Y-DNA. Yet no individual has been cataloged. My Terrestrial family has been in the U.S. for something over 250 years; this should provide more than adequate individuals for sampling.  Further, with the availability of this kind of analysis, surely a “long lost cousin” has availed himself of this. Yet, no records seem to exist.


The issue existing here is that there is no common ancestor closer than 8000 years. This should be highly improbably, as I have already said; given the size of Earth’s population, there should be an existing record.


Best match probabilities to metapopulations (from YHRD)
European Metapopulation 2.605E-4
Western European Metapopulation 4.958E-4
Eastern European Metapopulation 1.041E-3
South-Eastern European Metapopulation 2.156E-3
Altaic Metapopulation 1.915E-3
Indo-Iranian Metapopulation 5.738E-3
Indian Metapopulation 2.312E-3

From the table above we can see that the best match is “Indo-Iranian”, with a probability of 0.005738 or 1 in 174.2.

Using U.S. values from the autosomal results above we have a bit of a “turn” in the probabilities.

In probability when there are multiple “events” (in this case a “match”) the overall probability is calculated by multiplying the individual probabilities; in this case:


9.345e-16 * 0.005738 = 0.00000000000000000536261 [P(autosomal) * P(Y-DNA)]


This equates to 1: 186,476,361,324,056,755.945 or 1 in 186.47 quadrillion.


So, while the DNA does not say I am “not Human” it would seem to deny that I am Terrestrial. With a probability of 5.36261 X 10-18 it would seem quite unlikely that I was “related” to any Terrestrial; ever. This probability lends strong support to the “idea” that I am ET; but as we shall see in other installments, this probability changes.